The modular tool is a compilation of questionnaires that record common mental disorders and stress factors among refugees and can be used for initial and follow-up diagnosis.

The core tool consists of procedures that assess common mental disorders in refugees (e.g. depression, PTSD, somatization disorders, anxiety disorders).

By adding further procedures from the additional tool, other mental disorders as well as risk and protective factors can be added individually, adapted to one's own questions and application purposes.

To search for specific symptoms or disorders, language versions and test procedures, please use the search function.

Core modules

Anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental disorders among refugees and are often comorbid with PTSD and depression. The expression of anxiety shows a diversity between people of different cultural backgrounds.

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Depressive disorders

Depressive disorders are widespread, cross-cultural mental disorders that are also common among refugees. They should therefore be considered in a basic diagnosis.

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Post-traumatic stress disorder / traumatization

Refugees are often exposed to traumatic experiences before, during and after their flight, which can lead to post-traumatic stress disorders, among other things. Both traumatization and post-traumatic stress disorder should be considered in a basic diagnosis.

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Pain and other somatic complaints, such as headache or back pain, are commonly reported by refugees and should be the subject of basic diagnostics.

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Due to the many social, economic, physical and psychological stresses and challenges faced by refugees before, during and after their flight, their vulnerability to mental disorders and thus also to suicidal experiences and behavior increases.

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Additional modules


By taking a detailed medical history, it is possible to record the personal, social and family backgrounds as well as the flight biography in detail and to include them in the diagnosis and therapy planning.

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Discrimination and Acculturation processes

Experienced discrimination and acculturation processes (collective changes in social structure, social climate, economic base and political organization) are associated with the mental well-being of ethnic minorities and may lead to impaired mental health.

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Quality of life and functional status

To comprehensively assess mental health impairments, it is useful to consider the mental functionality of an individual and his or her well-being in physical, mental and social areas of life.

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Protective factors

Protective factors such as social support, dispositional optimism, expectations of self-efficacy, etc. can mitigate the negative impact of environmental factors on the mental health of an individual.

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Substance-related disorders

Substance-related disorders also play an important role among refugees and should therefore be considered in the diagnostic process.

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